Professor Martin Innes


Martin Innes is a Professor in the School of Social Sciences and Director of the Universities’ Police Science Institute at Cardiff University. He is recognised as one of the world’s leading authorities on policing and social control, and is an expert on:

  • Community policing; 
  • Police murder investigations; 
  • The police role in counter-terrorism.

Professor Innes is particularly famous for the research studies he has conducted in the following areas:

  • Designing the key processes and systems associated with Reassurance and Neighbourhood Policing;
  • The Signal Crimes Perspective ‘Prevent’ policing; 
  • Homicide investigations.

He has been commissioned by and acted as an advisor to a large number of national and international policing organisations. Recently this has included:

  • Leading the research for Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary’s national inspection of the policing of anti-social behaviour
  • Advising the Dutch government about ASB strategies;

In the past year - 11 significant invited presentations / keynote lectures / briefings to: The UK Cabinet Office; Australian National University; Stockholm Criminology Symposium; Welsh Assembly Government; Scottish Institute of Policing Research.

Click Here For Key Publications List

Download CV Here (.pdf - 200Kb),



Research Staff

Trudy Lowe

Trudy Lowe is a Research Fellow in the Universities' Police Science Institute. She spent 18 years working in clinical research in the pharmaceutical industry before moving into social science, studying for a master's degree in Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Surrey. She was a Research Fellow for the Signal Crimes Research team throughout the National Reassurance Policing Programme and contributed to the development of i-NSI, an operational methodology for the collection and analysis of signal crimes within communities. Trudy's research interests centre on the use of community intelligence to inform policing interventions at a number of levels, from neighbourhood reassurance to the impact of critical incidents. Trudy is a member of the Executive Committee of the Society of Evidence-Based Policing and Regional Co-ordinator for Wales.


Dr Helen Innes

Helen Innes is a Research Associate at the Universities' Police Science Institute. She has an MSc in Social Research Methods and a PhD on health inequalities, both from the University of Surrey. Before joining UPSI, she worked on a variety of social science projects as a Research Fellow at Surrey University.  Many of these projects centred on the secondary analysis of large-scale data to explore inequalities in health and social capital and others used multiple methods to explore public attitudes to new genetic technologies and the governance of biomedical research.  At UPSI, she has analysed data on antisocial behaviour, public perception surveys and police incident data for HMIC, ACPO, Welsh Government and South Wales Police.  Helen's research interests focus on understanding vulnerability and social harm among victims of crime and antisocial behaviour, public perceptions of the police and evaluating complex policy and practice interventions.


Dr. Colin Roberts

Dr Colin Roberts is Operations Manager for UPSI and leads the Institute's research programme on counter-terrorism policing. He holds a PhD from the University of Surrey and an MA in social justice from the University of London. Colin is a former police officer and senior police civil staff member with extensive experience of project management, intelligence gathering techniques and training gained both in the UK and overseas. In his capacity as a leading international expert on police use of force and firearms he has acted as a consultant to the: Department for International Development; the United Nations; Amnesty International's International Secretariat; and the Omega Foundation. These roles have taken him all over the globe, but with particular focus upon sub-Saharan African and Asia-Pacific countries. Most recently he has worked with AI on aspects of the UN Arms Trade Treaty negotiations. With Professor Martin Innes he worked on the National Reassurance Policing Programme and invented a community intelligence technology for the capture and analysis of signal crimes and disorders. In recent years Colin's main interests have focused on counter terrorism, gun crime and informal social control.


Daniel Grinnell 

Dan has recently been appointed as a Research Associate at the Universities’ Police Science Institute. Previously working within CIPHER at Swansea University his areas of expertise include spatial analysis and Geographic Information Science (GIS). Dan’s research interests include the use of GIS to better understand crime and policing effectiveness, and increasing the accessibility of large datasets through geographic visualisation.



Sarah Tucker

Sarah Tucker is a Research Associate at the Universities Police Science Institute.  She is a former police officer, with wide-ranging policing experience, as a uniformed officer and a detective.  She was a central figure in the Olympic Security Planning Team for Wales in 2012, and also formed part of the Project Team which led the transition of governance structures from the Police Authority to the Police and Crime Commissioner.  Alongside this, she has extensive public protection and custody services experience.

 Sarah has an MSc in Social Research Methods from the University of Glamorgan and a BSc in Psychology from Cardiff University.  She is currently studying for a Doctorate, with research focused on the policing of honour based violence and hidden victims of crime.


Professor Rod Morgan

Rod Morgan is Professor Emeritus at the University of Bristol and visiting Professor at the London School of Economics . Until February 2007 he was Chair of the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales, a post from which he resigned following disagreements with ministers over aspects of Government policy regarding youth justice issues. Prior to that he was HM Chief Inspector of Probation for England and Wales, before which he was an academic researcher and teacher for 30 years, latterly in the Faculty of Law at the University of Bristol. Rod is also a member of the Centre of Social Justice Working Party on Youth Justice and a British Academy Advisory Group preparing a report on Prisons and Imprisonment.

Rod is a prolific author, having written a score of books and many articles on aspects of criminal justice policy ranging from policing to sentencing. He is co-editor of the Oxford Handbook of Criminology (4th ed., OUP, 2007), the foremost text on that subject in the UK, and a similar volume on probation (Willan 2007). He has also held almost every post within the criminal justice system that it is possible to hold part time, locally (magistrate, police authority member, chairman of a community safety partnership, etc), nationally (Parole Board, commission member, inspector, government advisor, etc) and internationally (expert advisor to the UN, Council of Europe and Amnesty International on custodial conditions and the prevention of torture). Policing has always been prominent among his interests, particularly issues relating to the exercise of discretion, accountability and governance. He was co-editor of Coming to Terms with Policing (Routledge 1989) and co-author (with Newburn) of The Future of Policing (OUP 1997). He is a trustee of the Police Foundation and Chairman of the Independent Academic Advisory Group on neighbourhood policing. He is also a community activist and campaigner, currently concerned with reducing the criminalisation of children. He is a director or trustee of half a dozen centres and voluntary groups working on criminal justice issues or with young people in trouble.



Dr Timothy Brain OBE QPM BA PhD FRSA CCMI was Chief Constable of Gloucestershire from 2001 until January 2010, retiring as the longest serving chief constable in the country.  Before joining the Service he was a student at the University of Wales, Aberystwyth, from 1972 to 1978 where he read history, obtaining a first class honours degree in 1975 and his PhD in 1983.  He joined the Avon and Somerset Constabulary in 1978 under the graduate entry scheme, rising from constable to chief inspector prior to joining the Hampshire Constabulary on promotion to superintendent.  He became Assistant Chief Constable in the West Midlands Police in 1994, where he was responsible for Community Affairs and later Operations.  His specific responsibilities included the policing of Euro ’96, counter terrorist operations, and the extensive reorganisation of the force in 1997.  In 1998 became Deputy Chief Constable of Gloucestershire. 

On becoming Chief Constable of Gloucestershire he embarked upon a programme of significant strategic change, turning the Constabulary into a leading edge 21st Century organisation.  The Force’s strategic plans Vision5 and Vision 2010 have been recognised as leading examples of strategic management.  Achievements included completing the first Tri-service (Police, Fire and Ambulance) Emergency Control Centre, creating new specialist investigative units to combat serious and organised crime, and receiving the Investors In People and Investors in Excellence awards. In January 2006 the Force completed a four-year project to build and occupy a new state of the art Headquarters.  This was built under the Public Finance Initiative, and was concluded on time and under budget.    

He was a member of the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) from 1994 until his retirement, and served as the Association’s national lead on finance, and prostitution and related vice matters.  He played a leading part in framing the Government’s policy dealing with child prostitution in 1998 and creating ACPO’s own prostitution strategy in 2004.  He led the national Pentameteroperations against trafficking for sexual exploitation in 2006 and 2008.  He completed a major internal review of terrorism and allied matters for the association in December 2009.  He was also Chair of the Chief Police Officers’ Staff Association (CPOSA).  He led Gloucestershire’s response to the extensive flooding and water emergency of 2007. 

A leading analyst of policing matters, he is a frequent speaker and broadcaster on a wide range of police subjects including police futures, strategic leadership, police finance, performance management, police history and anti-vice policing. He has been a critical reader for several publishing projects.  He is member of the University of Wales, Aberystwyth, advisory boards to the Department of History and Welsh History, and the School of Management and Business Studies.  He holds Visiting Professorships at London South Bank and Gloucestershire universities.  He is an Honorary Senior Research Fellow at Cardiff University and an Honorary Fellow of Aberystwyth University. In 2008 he was awarded an honorary doctorate of laws at the University of Gloucestershire.  He writes on a variety of police subjects, particularly finance, and contributes regularly to news and current affairs broadcasts. His book A History of Policing in England and Wales from 1974: a turbulent journey was published by Oxford University Press in March 2010.    

He was awarded the Queen’s Police Medal (QPM) in the 2002 Birthday Honours. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (FRSA) in 2004 and a Companion of the Chartered Management Institute (CCMI) in 2007.  In June 2008 Dr Brain became an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) for his services to the police and the community in Gloucestershire. 

His interests include history, music, rugby union and cricket.  He is a member of Gloucestershire County Cricket Club’s executive board, vice chair of the Gloucester Three Choirs Festival, and a trustee of the Nature in Art Trust and Dean Close School, Cheltenham.  He was chair of the British Police Symphony Orchestra from 2005 to 2009, and was responsible for leading the BPSO’s extensive tour of India in February 2008, its twentieth anniversary concerts at London’s Cadogan Hall and at Tewkesbury Abbey.

Dr Brain is married with one son and lives in Cheltenham.


Associate Members

Dr. Matthew Williams

Dr. Matthew Williams is a Senior lecturer at the Cardiff School of Social Sciences and a member of the Cardiff Centre for Crime, Law and Justice.  His research interests include Cybercrime, Hate Crime and the Policing of Minority Groups.  In partnership with Race Equality First (Cardiff) he was recently awarded a large Big Lottery Fund grant to study Hate Crime in Wales.  For the first time in Wales the project will produce a large and robust dataset on the impacts of hate crime across all seven equality strands (Race, Religion, Sexual Orientation, Disability, Transgender status, Age, and Gender).  With a grant from the Nominet Trust Matthew is also conducting research which examines the perceptions of cybercrime amongst information assurance (including criminal justice) and business communities.  This research will inform the development of a national e-Crime Reduction Partnership.


Mr. Trevor Jones

Trevor Jones is Reader in Criminology in the School of Social Sciences and Director of the Centre for Crime, Law and Justice (CCLJ) at Cardiff University. He has published research on a range of policing-related subjects, including police accountability, policing and ethnic minorities, private policing and the governance of security, policy transfer in crime control, and the politics of crime and punishment. Recent books include Plural Policing: A Comparative Perspective(2006 Routledge); Policy Transfer and Criminal Justice(Open University Press, 2007) both with Tim Newburn; and Tourism and Crime: Key Themes(Goodfellow Publishing, 2010), with David Botterill. He is a co-editor of the journal, Policing and Society.


Dr. Amanda Robinson

Amanda Robinson has conducted empirical research into policing in the US and UK. Much of her research has focused on the police response to violent crime, particularly domestic and sexual violence. She has also conducted research into community policing initiatives, police participation in multi-agency collaborations, and police investigative practices. Discretion and decision-making by police is a core theme of her work.


Professor Gordon Hughes

Professor Gordon Hughes is Chair in Criminology at Cardiff University’s School of Social Sciences Director of the Centre for Crime, Law and Justice. His research interests include: Neighbourhood policing and community safety; Comparative trends in crime control; Crime prevention and community safety; Crime and social policy; Expertise and problem-solving in policing and crime prevention; the production of criminological knowledge and the policy process and Youth justice and community safety in Wales. Current and forthcoming research projects include being appointed as Director of the RSPCA project ‘”Status dogs”, young people and criminalisation: towards a preventative approach’ (2010); Director of  ‘Evaluation of the Safer Communities Fund 2006-9’ (2008-2009, £115000 Welsh Assembly Government funding) and Co-researcher, ‘The role of the community safety officer in Wales (2007-8).


Dr. Jasmin Tregidga

Dr Jasmin Tregidga is a Research Associate in the School of Social Sciences, Cardiff University and a member of the Cardiff Centre for Crime, Law and Justice.  Her research interests include counter terrorism policing, hate crime and violent victimisation.  She has recently conducted innovative, empirical research on the impact of UK counter terrorism legislation and policy on routine policing.  This research focused predominantly on the implementation and delivery of the Prevent strategy at the local (BCU) policing level.   Jasmin currently works on the All Wales Hate Crime Project that examines the nature and impact of hate crimes across seven recognised equality strands.  This mixed-method research will generate one of the most comprehensive datasets on hate crimes and incidents in the UK.  


Administrative Staff

Cheryl Buchanan - PA / Administrator

Cheryl started working for Cardiff University social science school in July 2010 organising conferences and training across universities in Wales, she joined UPSI as Team Administrator/Martin Innes' PA  in July 2011. She works part time Monday/Tuesday and Thursday.  Cheryl's role includes monitoring the Policing and Society Journal administration, Martin's diary, finance, general administration. Cheryl has a social science degree from Lancaster University. Previous employment has included primary school teaching, national seminar tour coordinator for a charity  and business development for an outdoor pursuits company.


Aimee-Jade Hayes - Communications Officer

Aimee has recently been appointed as Communications Officer for UPSI having previously been employed as PA to UPSI’s Director, Prof. Martin Innes since January 2008. Aimee relocated to Cardiff from Dublin shortly before starting her employment with UPSI. Her background lies in venue and events management, and these skills have been applied in her role at USPI where she has organised internal seminars and conferences and in particular the co-ordination of the British Society of Criminology’s 2009 Conference. Aimee has a keen interest in the Social Sciences and is currently completing the final year of a BSc (hons) International Studies through the Open University.


PhD Students

Suraj Lakhani

Suraj Lakhani is a PhD student at Cardiff University and is based within the School of Social Sciences and UPSI. His thesis topic is entitled ‘Violent Extremism in the West: A Social Analysis of Radicalisation in the UK’.  Other academic achievements include an MSc in Risk and Security Management from the University of Southampton. Prior to joining Cardiff University, Suraj worked as a researcher for the National Security and Resilience Department within the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies, a think-tank based in Whitehall, London.

Attilio Grandani

Attilio is a PhD student at UPSI, his thesis topic is ‘Everything Taken Into Consideration'. Examining the national usage of offences Taken Into Consideration (TIC). He is the national and international subject matter expert in this specialist subject. He is a Bramshill Fellow. He has an MSc in Criminology and Criminal Justice from Portsmouth University. He also has a Risk and Security Management Honours degree, and a Policing Degree from Portsmouth University. His research interests include Policy and its influence in the Policing Sector, detections of unsolved volume crime offences, criminal investigations processes and practices, and the working  processes within the Criminal Justice System. Attilio also provides lectures for Trainee Detectives on criminal investigations and interviewing techniques. 

Rajeev Gundur

Rajeev is an ESRC-funded doctoral candidate at UPSI.  His thesis is tentatively titled ‘Controlling Transnational Crime in Mexico and the United States: Developing effective security and anti-drug trafficking policy’.  He holds an MSc in Criminology (Research Methods) from the University of Oxford, an MA in International Relations from the Australian National University, where he was a Hedley Bull Scholar, and a BA in Latin American Studies and Spanish from Tulane University.  Rajeev has worked as a primary school teacher and as an ESL/EFL teacher.  His research interests include Latin American culture and politics, undocumented migration, regime liberalization and democratisation, criminal networks, civil society, social control, and public policy.

Former Student - Cheryl Allsop

Cheryl was a PhD student at UPSI, her thesis topic  entitled  ‘Coming out of the Cold: Negotiating Multi Disciplinary Expertise in Police Cold Case Investigations’. She has an MSc in Social Science Research Methods from Cardiff University, an MSc in Criminal Justice Studies from Portsmouth University, a Law degree from Nottingham Trent University and a Psychology degree from the Open University. Prior to joining UPSI she worked in various roles in the financial services industry. Her research interests include the investigation and detection of unsolved homicides and major crime investigations more generally, miscarriages of justice, the use of psychological interventions in policing and detection and the processes, practices and interactions of the different parties within the Criminal Justice System.