Professor Martin Innes

Martin Innes is a Professor in the School of Social Sciences and Director of the Universities’ Police Science Institute at Cardiff University. He is recognised as one of the world’s leading authorities on policing and social control, and is an expert on:

  • Community policing; 
  • Police murder investigations; 
  • The police role in counter-terrorism.

Professor Innes is particularly famous for the research studies he has conducted in the following areas:

  • Designing the key processes and systems associated with Reassurance and Neighbourhood Policing;
  • The Signal Crimes Perspective ‘Prevent’ policing; 
  • Homicide investigations.

He has been commissioned by and acted as an advisor to a large number of national and international policing organisations. Recently this has included:

  • Leading the research for Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary’s national inspection of the policing of anti-social behaviour
  • Advising the Dutch government about ASB strategies;

In the past year - 11 significant invited presentations / keynote lectures / briefings to: The UK Cabinet Office; Australian National University; Stockholm Criminology Symposium; Welsh Assembly Government; Scottish Institute of Policing Research.

Click Here For Key Publications List

Download CV Here (.pdf - 200Kb),


Research Staff

Trudy Lowe

Trudy Lowe is a Research Fellow in the Universities' Police Science Institute. She spent 18 years working in clinical research in the pharmaceutical industry before moving into social science, studying for a master's degree in Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Surrey. She was a Research Fellow for the Signal Crimes Research team throughout the National Reassurance Policing Programme and contributed to the development of i-NSI, an operational methodology for the collection and analysis of signal crimes within communities. Trudy's research interests centre on the use of community intelligence to inform policing interventions at a number of levels, from neighbourhood reassurance to the impact of critical incidents. Trudy is a member of the Executive Committee of the Society of Evidence-Based Policing and Regional Co-ordinator for Wales.

Dr Helen Innes

Dr. Helen Innes has degrees in Psychology and Social Research Methods, and studied for a PhD on health inequalities.  She leads the Institute’s work on behavior change and specialises in the secondary analysis of large-scale data. Prior to joining Cardiff she was Research Fellow on the ESRC funded multi-method project 'public attitudes to genomics' at the University of Surrey and gained further funding from the Wellcome Trust to investigate attitudes to research governance using qualitative and quantitative methods.

As a research associate at UPSI, she has analysed survey data on antisocial behaviour, public perceptions of the police and community cohesion for HMIC, the Welsh Government and ACPO.   Her current research interests focus upon using communication based interventions to change peoples’ behaviours and attitudes. As part of the What Works Centre for Crime Reduction she recently led a multi-site field experiment in partnership with the Metropolitan Police Service, investigating the efficacy of innovative approaches to crime prevention communications. She is also conducting research into fear of crime.

Dr. Colin Roberts

Dr Colin Roberts is the Operations Manager for the Universities Police Science Institute, and leads on interdisciplinary Intelligence and Counter Terrorism Research Programs, working closely with colleagues from computer science, industry, and police service. His research interests focus on social media analytics of the time dynamics of conflict, multi-polar dynamics of extremism, and intelligence processes. He was Principle Investigator for the European Commission TARDIS program developing social media analytics to detect and counter on-line radicalization, which led to the invention of the Sentinel system. He is currently program manager of the Open Source Communications Analytics Research (OSCAR) Development Centre funded by the Home Office / HEFCE / College Of Policing.

Daniel Grinnell

Dan is a Research Associate at the Universities’ Police Science Institute. His research focuses on network analysis and classification, spatial analysis, and quantitative analysis of large-scale and ‘big’ data over time. He has utilized these research methods to investigate hotspots in criminal activity, to analyse open source information from a policing perspective, to understand patterns in public perceptions of crime and security threats, and to increase the accessibility of large datasets through meaningful visualisation.

Bethan Davies

Bethan Davies is a Research Assistant at the Universities’ Police Science Institute. Her interests include counter-terrorism policing, security, and social media analytics. She has contributed to a number of UPSI’s recent projects and programmes, specifically working on a number of aspects of the OSCAR programme, and the crime prevention social experiment run in partnership with the Metropolitan Police. Bethan also holds a BSc (hons) in Criminology from Cardiff University.

Diyana Dobreva

Born in Varna, Bulgaria, Diyana holds a Bachelor’s degree (BScEcon) in European Union Studies from Cardiff University and a Master’s degree (MA) in Intelligence and International Security from King’s College London. She has also completed a year-long Erasmus Studies (2012-2013) at the University of Pisa (Italy). Diyana worked as a Research Analyst at the Research Institute for European and American Studies (RIEAS), and as an intern for the Center for the Study of Democracy in Sofia (Bulgaria) and hold a Certificate for Distinguished Performance. Her research expertise lies in European (EU) Intelligence, open source intelligence, border security and policing in the EU, terrorism, organised crime, and human trafficking in Central and Eastern Europe, the Balkan region, Russia and CIS countries.


Dr Timothy Brain OBE QPM BA PhD FRSA CCMI was Chief Constable of Gloucestershire from 2001 until January 2010, retiring as the longest serving chief constable in the country.  Before joining the Service he was a student at the University of Wales, Aberystwyth, from 1972 to 1978 where he read history, obtaining a first class honours degree in 1975 and his PhD in 1983.  He joined the Avon and Somerset Constabulary in 1978 under the graduate entry scheme, rising from constable to chief inspector prior to joining the Hampshire Constabulary on promotion to superintendent.  He became Assistant Chief Constable in the West Midlands Police in 1994, where he was responsible for Community Affairs and later Operations.  His specific responsibilities included the policing of Euro ’96, counter terrorist operations, and the extensive reorganisation of the force in 1997.  In 1998 became Deputy Chief Constable of Gloucestershire. 

On becoming Chief Constable of Gloucestershire he embarked upon a programme of significant strategic change, turning the Constabulary into a leading edge 21st Century organisation.  The Force’s strategic plans Vision5 and Vision 2010 have been recognised as leading examples of strategic management.  Achievements included completing the first Tri-service (Police, Fire and Ambulance) Emergency Control Centre, creating new specialist investigative units to combat serious and organised crime, and receiving the Investors In People and Investors in Excellence awards. In January 2006 the Force completed a four-year project to build and occupy a new state of the art Headquarters.  This was built under the Public Finance Initiative, and was concluded on time and under budget.    

He was a member of the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) from 1994 until his retirement, and served as the Association’s national lead on finance, and prostitution and related vice matters.  He played a leading part in framing the Government’s policy dealing with child prostitution in 1998 and creating ACPO’s own prostitution strategy in 2004.  He led the national Pentameteroperations against trafficking for sexual exploitation in 2006 and 2008.  He completed a major internal review of terrorism and allied matters for the association in December 2009.  He was also Chair of the Chief Police Officers’ Staff Association (CPOSA).  He led Gloucestershire’s response to the extensive flooding and water emergency of 2007. 

A leading analyst of policing matters, he is a frequent speaker and broadcaster on a wide range of police subjects including police futures, strategic leadership, police finance, performance management, police history and anti-vice policing. He has been a critical reader for several publishing projects.  He is member of the University of Wales, Aberystwyth, advisory boards to the Department of History and Welsh History, and the School of Management and Business Studies.  He holds Visiting Professorships at London South Bank and Gloucestershire universities.  He is an Honorary Senior Research Fellow at Cardiff University and an Honorary Fellow of Aberystwyth University. In 2008 he was awarded an honorary doctorate of laws at the University of Gloucestershire.  He writes on a variety of police subjects, particularly finance, and contributes regularly to news and current affairs broadcasts. His book A History of Policing in England and Wales from 1974: a turbulent journey was published by Oxford University Press in March 2010.    

He was awarded the Queen’s Police Medal (QPM) in the 2002 Birthday Honours. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (FRSA) in 2004 and a Companion of the Chartered Management Institute (CCMI) in 2007.  In June 2008 Dr Brain became an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) for his services to the police and the community in Gloucestershire. 

His interests include history, music, rugby union and cricket.  He is a member of Gloucestershire County Cricket Club’s executive board, vice chair of the Gloucester Three Choirs Festival, and a trustee of the Nature in Art Trust and Dean Close School, Cheltenham.  He was chair of the British Police Symphony Orchestra from 2005 to 2009, and was responsible for leading the BPSO’s extensive tour of India in February 2008, its twentieth anniversary concerts at London’s Cadogan Hall and at Tewkesbury Abbey.

Dr Brain is married with one son and lives in Cheltenham.

Professional Services

Cheryl Buchanan - PA / Administrator

Cheryl started working for Cardiff University social science school in July 2010 organising conferences and training across universities in Wales, she joined UPSI as Team Administrator/Martin Innes' PA  in July 2011. She works part time Monday/Tuesday and Thursday.  Cheryl's role includes monitoring the Policing and Society Journal administration, Martin's diary, finance, general administration. Cheryl has a social science degree from Lancaster University. Previous employment has included primary school teaching, national seminar tour coordinator for a charity  and business development for an outdoor pursuits company.

Aimee-Jade Hayes - Communications & Events

Aimee was appointed as Communications Officer for UPSI in 2012 having previously been employed as PA to UPSI’s Director, Prof. Martin Innes since 2007. Aimee relocated to Cardiff from Dublin shortly before starting her employment with UPSI. Her background lies in venue and events management, and these skills have been applied in her role at USPI where she has organised internal seminars and conferences and in particular the co-ordination of the British Society of Criminology’s Annual Conference. Aimee has a keen interest in the Social Sciences and is currently completing the final year of a BSc (hons) International Studies through the Open University.

PhD Students

Jack Greig-Midlane

Jack Greig-Midlane is a PhD candidate studying in the School of Social Sciences at Cardiff University. His thesis topic is 'Neighbourhood Policing in a New Era: Changes to Neighbourhood Policing Teams and Community Engagement'. The objective of the project is to explore the changes to the delivery of neighbourhood policing in the climate of 'austerity politics'. He has an MA in International Criminology from Sheffield University, and a BA in Criminology and Sociology from Brighton University. Prior to returning to higher education, he worked as an ESL teacher in Asia, and he now teaches on various criminology modules at Cardiff University. His research interests include community policing, police auxiliaries, communitarianism and the politics of social control.

Attilio Grandani

Attilio is a PhD student at UPSI, his thesis topic is ‘Everything Taken Into Consideration'. Examining the national usage of offences Taken Into Consideration (TIC). He is the national and international subject matter expert in this specialist subject. He is a Bramshill Fellow. He has an MSc in Criminology and Criminal Justice from Portsmouth University. He also has a Risk and Security Management Honours degree, and a Policing Degree from Portsmouth University. His research interests include Policy and its influence in the Policing Sector, detections of unsolved volume crime offences, criminal investigations processes and practices, and the working  processes within the Criminal Justice System. Attilio also provides lectures for Trainee Detectives on criminal investigations and interviewing techniques. 

Rajeev Gundur

Rajeev is an ESRC-funded doctoral candidate at UPSI.  His thesis is tentatively titled ‘Controlling Transnational Crime in Mexico and the United States: Developing effective security and anti-drug trafficking policy’.  He holds an MSc in Criminology (Research Methods) from the University of Oxford, an MA in International Relations from the Australian National University, where he was a Hedley Bull Scholar, and a BA in Latin American Studies and Spanish from Tulane University.  Rajeev has worked as a primary school teacher and as an ESL/EFL teacher.  His research interests include Latin American culture and politics, undocumented migration, regime liberalization and democratisation, criminal networks, civil society, social control, and public policy.

Maria Pournara

Maria is a Dawes Trust-funded PhD candidate based in the School of Social Sciences at Cardiff University. Her PhD entitled ‘Police decision-making in tackling organised crime: exploring the influence of rationality and bias’, is multidisciplinary and draws upon Policing Research, Philosophy of Social Science, Criminology, Criminal Justice and Cognitive Behavioural Psychology. Her main research interests include policing and police culture, decision-making, organised crime, intelligence and Human Rights. She holds a MSc in Crime Analysis from the University of Southampton (2013-2014), an LLM in Criminal Law and Criminology from Democritus University of Thrace (2008-2012) and an LLB from Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (2003-2008). From 2008-2013, she was working as a lawyer in Thessaloniki, Greece. Her main practice areas included Criminal, Civil, Corporate, and Immigration Law.

Nauman Aqil

Nauman Aqil is a PhD candidate based in School of Social Sciences at Cardiff University. His research interests include social control, neighbourhood crime, and intra societal violence. His thesis topic is tentatively titled ‘Community Agency and Neighbourhoods’ Characteristics: Implications for Urban Crimes and Democratic Policing’. The primary objective of this project is to understand how community agency and local mechanisms of informal social control are related to crime and fear of crime. Nauman has an MPhil in Sociology from University of the Punjab (PU), Pakistan. Before joining Cardiff University, he worked as a Research Associate with the Institute of Social and Cultural Studies, PU. Nauman is also a Research Fellow at International Centre for Conflict and Violence Research (ICVR), Bielefeld University wherein he conducted a micro level study to understand people’s perceptions about neighbourhood violence. Besides research activities, Nauman has worked as co-principal investigator in several development related projects which contributed to policy formulation at the national level.

Former Student -William Chivers

Wil is an ESRC-funded PhD candidate studying in the School of Social Sciences at Cardiff University. His interests include surveillance, social control, online activism, crime and security, big data and digital social research. Wil's thesis seeks to investigate social control on the Internet by exploring the ways in which digital surveillance is carried out and resisted in online spaces. Wil holds a BScEcon in Criminology and Sociology and an MSc Social Science Research Methods from Cardiff University. He has undertaken a three month internship as a social researcher with the Sentencing Council for England and Wales and has taught in the School of Social Sciences since 2010.

Former Student - Olivia Pearson

Olivia Pearson is an ESRC-funded PhD candidate based in the School of Social Sciences at Cardiff University. Her PhD topic is entitled ‘Coproducing the school? A case study of youth participation in time banking’. She has an MSc in Social Science Research Methods (Socio-Legal), from Cardiff University. She also has BScEcon in Sociology and Criminology from Cardiff University.  Her research interests include the sociology of childhood, youth participation, coproduction, policy processes and implementation, devolution and youth justice.  Olivia has taught on a variety of modules in the School of Social Sciences. In 2013, she spent three months working at the Sentencing Council for England and Wales on an ESRC-funded Internship, where she had the opportunity to work on the development of new sentencing guidelines.

Former Student - Cheryl Allsop

Cheryl was a PhD student at UPSI, her thesis topicentitled  ‘Coming out of the Cold: Negotiating Multi Disciplinary Expertise in Police Cold Case Investigations’. She has an MSc in Social Science Research Methods from Cardiff University, an MSc in Criminal Justice Studies from Portsmouth University, a Law degree from Nottingham Trent University and a Psychology degree from the Open University. Prior to joining UPSI she worked in various roles in the financial services industry. Her research interests include the investigation and detection of unsolved homicides and major crime investigations more generally, miscarriages of justice, the use of psychological interventions in policing and detection and the processes, practices and interactions of the different parties within the Criminal Justice System.

Former Student - Suraj Lakhani

Suraj Lakhani is a PhD student at Cardiff University and is based within the School of Social Sciences and UPSI. His thesis topic is entitled ‘Violent Extremism in the West: A Social Analysis of Radicalisation in the UK’.  Other academic achievements include an MSc in Risk and Security Management from the University of Southampton. Prior to joining Cardiff University, Suraj worked as a researcher for the National Security and Resilience Department within the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies, a think-tank based in Whitehall, London.